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What is General Orthopaedics?

Our musculoskeletal system is a complex system comprising of bone, cartilage, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, and skin. General orthopaedics is the field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and disorders of the musculoskeletal system and a variety of orthopaedic conditions. Physicians who work in this field of medicine are referred to as orthopaedists or orthopaedic doctors. These are medical experts who have undergone extensive training in the field of General Orthopaedics and can offer their expertise in the treatment and management of various orthopaedic disorders and provide effective orthopaedic guidance and education regarding the prevention of orthopaedic injuries and diseases.

Role of an Orthopaedic Doctor

A general orthopaedist’s role is to evaluate, diagnose, treat, and manage individuals who suffer from degenerative orthopaedic diseases, skeletal deformities, or various injuries pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. General orthopaedists also work with individuals who have fractures or require surgery. Whether the problem is in the hip, knee, spine, or any joint, a general orthopaedist can provide orthopaedic care that is customised to the anatomy and goals of each patient. The main objective of an orthopaedist is to restore mobility, function, and quality of life to every patient.

Scope of General Orthopaedics

General orthopaedics is a medical speciality with immense potential and is the foundation of all advanced and specialised training in different areas of Orthopaedics. General orthopaedic doctors can offer care and treat a wide variety of orthopaedic diseases and conditions, such as:

  • Dislocations and fractures
  • Sprains and strains
  • Torn ligaments, pulled muscles, and tendon injuries
  • Bursitis, arthritis, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, and osteoporosis
  • Low back pain, sciatica, ruptured discs, and scoliosis
  • Hammertoes, bunions, bow legs and knock knees
  • Leg length discrepancy and club foot
  • Growth abnormalities and abnormalities of the fingers and toes

When Should You Visit a General Orthopaedist?

Orthopaedic conditions can trigger a variety of symptoms. You should consult your orthopaedic doctor if you are experiencing:

  • Chronic pain
  • Joint instability
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Muscle spasms
  • Numbness or tingling sensation
  • Difficulty walking
  • Swelling in the affected joint
  • Sharp, stabbing pain
  • Inability to bear weight on the affected joint
  • Limited range of motion of the hip, knee, ankle, or another joint
  • Radiating pain from one section of the body to another
  • Worsening pain that does not get better


General orthopaedics is a medical speciality that emphasises the treatment of injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Some of these conditions may be present at birth or may occur as a result of orthopaedic trauma or age-related wear and tear. Orthopaedists most commonly works and coordinate with a wider orthopaedic team that may involve nurse practitioners, physician assistants, physical or occupational therapists, and athletic trainers. Collectively, they help diagnose, treat, and rehabilitate individuals with musculoskeletal injuries or conditions to provide comprehensive orthopaedic care.

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